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Shoulder

The shoulder is the most flexible joint in the body making it the most susceptible to instability and injury. It is a ‘ball-and-socket’ joint. A ‘ball’ at the top of the upper arm bone, humerus, fits neatly into a ‘socket’, called the glenoid, which is part of the shoulder blade, scapula.

The shoulder joint is made up several bones and soft tissues. It has three bones, the collarbone (clavicle), scapula, and humerus.

Humerus provides attachment to muscles of the upper arm. Scapula is the bone that connects the upper arm bone with the collarbone. It is a flat bone and roughly triangular in shape and provides attachment to the muscles of back and neck.

The clavicle is an S-shaped short bone that connects the shoulder girdle to the body (trunk). It supports the shoulder in a functional position with the axial skeleton so that the arm has maximum range of movement. It also protects major underlying nerves and blood vessels as they pass from the neck to the axilla.

The coracoid process is the extension of the scapula around the shoulder joint at the front portion of the scapula. The acromial process is the extension of scapula around the shoulder joint at the back that forms a roof, acromion.

Glenoid is the smooth shallow depression at the end of scapula that forms the socket of shoulder joint.

Shoulder Anatomy
Conditions
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    Shoulder Arthroscopic Labral/SLAP Repair The shoulder joint is a ball and socket joint. A ‘ball’ at the top of the upper arm bone (the humerus) fits neatly into a ‘socket’, called the glenoid, which is part of the shoulder blade (scapula).
     
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    Shoulder Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair Rotator cuff is the group of tendons in the shoulder joint providing support and enabling wider range of motion.
     
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    Shoulder Arthroscopic Stabilization/Bankart Repair Shoulder instability is a chronic condition that causes frequent dislocations of the shoulder joint. A dislocation occurs when the end of the humerus (the ball portion).
     
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    Shoulder Arthroscopic Decompression Shoulder impingement is also called as swimmer’s shoulder, tennis shoulder, or rotator cuff tendinitis.
     
Procedures
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    Reverse Shoulder Replacement Reverse Shoulder replacement is an alternative surgery for patients who have torn their rotator cuffs.
     
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    Bankart Repair Bankart tear is a specific injury to a part of the shoulder joint called the labrum. Labrum is a ring of fibrous cartilage that surrounds the glenoid and stabilizes the shoulder joint.
     
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    Shoulder Labrum Reconstruction The shoulder joint is a ball and socket joint. A ‘ball’ at the top of the upper arm bone
     
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    Minimally Invasive Shoulder Joint Replacement Shoulder joint replacement is a surgical procedure to replace damaged bone surfaces with artificial components to relieve pain and improve functional ability in the shoulder joint.