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Foot and Ankle

The foot and ankle in the human body work together to provide balance, stability, movement, and Propulsion.

This complex anatomy consists of:

  • 26 bones
  • 33 joints
  • Muscles
  • Tendons
  • Ligaments
  • Blood vessels, nerves, and soft tissue

In order to understand conditions that affect the foot and ankle, it is important to understand the normal anatomy of the foot and ankle.

Foot and Ankle Anatomy
    Spinal fusion Achilles tendon is a strong fibrous cord present behind the ankle that connects the calf muscles to heel bone.
    Laminectomy A sprain is stretching or tearing of ligaments, which connect adjacent bones in a joint and provides stability to the joint.
    Endoscopic Discectomy Toes are the digits in your foot and are associated with walking, providing balance, weight-bearing and other activities.
    Lumbar artificial disc replacements Plantar fasciitis is a common problem that causes pain under the heel bone often with lengthy walks and prolonged standing.
    Degenerative Disc Disease Ankle injuries are the most common sports-related injury. An ankle fracture is a break in one or more bones that make up the ankle joint.
Surgical Procedures
Disc Herniation Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure during which the internal structure of a joint is examined for diagnosis and treatment of problems inside the joint.
Degenerative Disc Disease Bunion is a foot deformity that changes the shape of the foot causing the big toe to turn inward, towards the second toe leading to pain and inflammation.